Understanding Research: An Overview for Health Professionals
持续时间: 6 weeks
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This course looks at the various aspects of research as it pertains to health.
The course objectives are as follows:
- Summarize the format of research
articles and the research methods included in each section of an article.
- Analyze and critique research
questions, study design, methods including sample selection, bias, data
collection procedures, measures, and analysis plan, results, discussion
and interpretation of findings.
- Compare and contrast different quantitative
- Analyze the validity and reliability
- Understand the ethical and cultural
issues related to research methods.
Week One: Sections of a Research Article, Abstracts, and the Introduction of a Paper (Literature Review, Significance of Problem, Research Questions, and Operational Definitions)
- Identify the 4 sections of scientific research articles
- Determine the purpose of the abstract
- Identify the 2 key components of the introduction section of an article
- Identify 3 elements of a research question
- Understand why operational definitions are important
: Methods Section — Study Designs
- Answer 5 questions to identify study designs
- Understand the relation between types of study designs and the time frame of the study
- Identify the data collection procedures by the study design
- Identify the strengths and weaknesses of cohort, cross-sectional, and case-control study designs
: Methods Section — Sample Selection, Setting, Measurement (Instruments, Validity, and Reliability), and Types of Variables
- Differentiate a sample from a population
- Identify the strengths of probability versus non-probability sampling
- Determine inclusion versus exclusion criteria when developing a plan for sample selection
- Identify different types of instruments included in research studies
- Explain how instruments are determined to be valid and reliable
- Identify types of internal validity and reliability
: Methods Section — Data Collection, Bias, and Rates (Incidence and Prevalence)
- Identify data collection procedures
- Identify types of bias related to all study designs
- Identify types of bias specific to experimental studies
- Identify the difference between incidence and prevalence rates
: Ethical Issues, Human Subjects Committee / Institutional Review Boards, and the Discussion of a Paper (Clinical Implications, Limitations, and Future Studies)
- Understand the history of research ethics
- Determine the ethical lessons learned from the Tuskegee Study in the United States (U.S.)
- Identify studies conducted in the U.S. that raised new ethical issues
- Identify key components of the discussion section of a research article
: Final Exam
Participants will learn the elements of research methods and design that are essential to the translation of knowledge into clinical practice, administration/leadership, and health policy.