开始时间: 待定 持续时间: Unknown
大学或机构: Wesleyan University（卫斯理大学）
授课老师： Michael S. Roth
In this course we shall examine how the idea of "the modern" develops at the end of the 18th century, and how being modern (or progressive, or hip) became one of the crucial criteria for understanding and evaluating cultural change during the last two hundred years. We shall be concerned with the relations between culture and historical change, and our materials shall be drawn from a variety of areas: philosophy, the novel, and critical theory. Finally, we shall try to determine what it means to be modern today, and whether it makes sense to go beyond the modern to the postmodern.
The Modern and the Postmodern traces the intertwining of the idea of modernity with the idea of art or culture from the late 18th century until the present. Beginning with the Enlightenment, Western cultures have invested heavily in the notion that the world can be made more of a home for human beings through the development of culture (and technology). Throughout this period there has also developed a strong, sophisticated counter-movement that sees the Enlightenment effort as a disaster – destructive of both art and of the world.
The Western idea of modernity is linked to but not the same as the idea of modernism. We will examine both in this class and then consider postmodernism in relation both to the philosophical idea of modernity and to the aesthetic considerations of modernism.This course covers a lot of ground, historically, conceptually and aesthetically. There is much to read, and very different kinds of reading: from philosophy to novels, from theory to poetry. Not all students will like all the reading, but if you digest it all, you should have a clearer sense of the cultural history of our present.
Week I:Why is philosophy relevant to modernity? What are cultural
and intellectual history and how are they related to philosophy?
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, "Discourse on the Arts and Sciences"
Immanuel Kant, “What is Enlightenment?”
Week II: — What is Enlightenment?
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, "Discourse on the Origins of Inequality"
Week III: — From Enlightenment to Revolution
Karl Marx, “Estranged Labor” from 1844 Manuscripts
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto Begin reading Madame Bovary
Week IV: — Modernism and Art for Art’s Sake
Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary
Week V: — Re-Imagining the World
Charles Darwin, “Struggle for Existence,” “Natural Selection” and “Sexual Selection” from The Origin of Species (6th edition)
Darwin, “Conclusion” from The Descent of Man
Week VI: — From Struggle to Intensity
Charles Baudelaire, Paris Spleen Friedrich Nietzsche, Genealogy of Morals, essay 2
Week VII: — Review
Week VIII: — Intensity and the Ordinary: Sex, Death, Aggression and Guilt
Sigmund Freud, Civilization and its Discontents
Week IX: — Intensity and the Ordinary: Art, Loss, Forgiveness
Virginia Woolf, To the Lighthouse
Week X: — The Postmodern Everyday
Emerson, “Experience” or “Self-Reliance”
Ludwig Wittgenstein, Selections from Philosophical Investigations
Week XI: — From Critical Theory to Postmodernism
Horkheimer and Adorno, “The Concept of Enlightenment”
Michel Foucault, selections from Madness and Civilization
“What is Enlightenment?,” Foucault Reader
Week XII: — Review
Review and Blade Runner (Ridley Scott, 1982)
Alison Bechdel, Fun Home
Jennifer Egan “Ask Me if I Care,” The New Yorker (March 8, 2010): http://www.newyorker.com/fiction/features/2010/03/08/100308fi_fiction_egan
Jennifer Egan, “Out of Body” from A Visit from the Goon Squad
_____, “Black Box,” http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/books/2012/06/jennifer-egan-black-box.html
Week XIII: — Postmodern Identities
Judith Butler, "Introduction" from Undoing Gender (2004)
Slavoj Žižek, “You May!” London Review of Books, vol. 21 (March 1999)
Week XIV: — Postmodern Pragmatisms
Rorty, “Postmodern Bourgeois Liberalism” and Cornel West, “Prophetic Pragmatism” from Pragmatism: A Reader.
Anthony Appiah, “Cosmopolitan Contamination” from Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers (2006), 101-113.
Bruno Latour, “Why Has Critique Run out of Steam? From Matters of Fact to Matters of Concern,” Critical Inquiry, Vol. 30, No. 2 (Winter, 2004), pp. 225-248.
This course examines how the idea of "the modern" develops at the end of the 18th century and how being modern (or progressive, or hip) became one of the crucial criteria for understanding and evaluating cultural change during the last two hundred years. Are we still in modernity, or have we moved beyond the modern to the postmodern?