A Journey through Western Christianity: from Persecuted Faith to Global Religion (200 - 1650)

开始时间: 08/08/2020 持续时间: Unknown

所在平台: Coursera

课程类别: 其他类别

大学或机构: CourseraNew

   

课程主页: https://www.coursera.org/learn/western-christianity-200-1650

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This course follows the extraordinary development of Western Christianity from its early persecution under the Roman Empire in the third century to its global expansion with the Jesuits of the early modern world. We explore the dynamic and diverse character of a religion with an enormous cast characters. We will meet men and women who tell stories of faith as well as of violence, suppression, and division. Along the way, we encounter Perpetua and her martyrdom in Carthage; the struggles of Augustine the bishop in North Africa; the zeal of Celtic monks and missionaries; the viciousness of the Crusades; the visions of Brigit of Sweden; and the fracturing of Christianity by Martin Luther’s protest. We hear the voices of great theologians as well as of those branded heretics by the Church, a powerful reminder that the growth of Christianity is a story with many narratives of competing visions of reform and ideals, powerful critiques of corruption and venality, and exclusion of the vanquished. The troubled history of Christian engagement with Jews and Muslims is found in pogroms and expulsions, but also in the astonishing ways in which the culture of the West was transformed by Jewish and Islamic learning. We shall explore the stunning beauty of the Book of Kells, exquisitely prepared by monks as the Vikings terrorized the coast of England. We will experience the blue light of the windows of Chartres, and ponder the opening questions of Thomas Aquinas’ great Summa. We will read from the Gutenberg Bible of the fifteenth century, which heralded the revolution brought by the printing press. We will travel from Calvin’s Geneva to Elizabeth’s England to Trent, where a Catholic Council met to inaugurate a modern, missionary Catholic church. We will walk through the great Escorial of Philip II of Spain, hear the poetry of John of the Cross, and follow the Jesuits to Brazil and China. Christianity in the West was forged in the fires of conflict and tumult, and it brought forth both creativity and violence. It echoed with calls for God’s world to be transformed, it inspired the most sublime art and architecture, yet it also revealed the power of the union of cross and sword to destroy. The course is a journey through the formation of the West as one strand of Christianity, as one chapter in a global story. It is a journey that has shaped our world.

西方基督教历程:从迫害信仰到全球宗教(200-1650):此课程遵循西方基督教的非凡发展,从三世纪罗马帝国对希腊的早期迫害到早期现代耶稣会士的全球扩张世界。我们探索具有巨大角色的宗教的动态和多样化特征。我们将见到讲述信仰,暴力,镇压和分裂故事的男人和女人。一路上,我们在迦太基遇到了Perpetua和她的难。北非主教奥古斯丁的斗争;凯尔特僧侣和传教士的热情;十字军东征的恶性;瑞典布里吉特的愿景;以及马丁·路德(Martin Luther)的抗议使基督教破裂。我们听到了伟大的神学家的声音,以及教堂里那些带有烙印的异端主义者的声音,有力地提醒我们,基督教的成长是一个故事,讲述了许多关于改革和理想的竞争观点的叙事,对腐败和道德的有力批判以及对宗教的排斥。战败者。在大屠杀和驱逐中,发现了基督教徒与犹太人和穆斯林交往的动荡历史,但在犹太人和伊斯兰教的学习中,西方文化却发生了惊人的变化。   我们将探索维京人吓England英格兰沿岸时僧侣精心准备的《凯尔斯经》的绝妙美。我们将体验沙特尔窗户上的蓝光,并思考托马斯·阿奎那(Thomas Aquinas)伟大的《摘要》的开头问题。我们将从15世纪的古腾堡圣经中读到,它预示了印刷机带来的革命。我们将从加尔文的日内瓦出发,前往伊丽莎白的英格兰,再到特伦特,在特伦特,一个天主教理事会在这里成立了现代的传教天主教堂。我们将漫步在西班牙菲利普二世的伟大埃斯科里亚尔,聆听十字架约翰的诗歌,并跟随耶稣会士前往巴西和中国。   西方的基督教是在冲突和动荡的大火中锻造的,它带来了创造力和暴力。它呼唤改变神的世界的呼应,激发了最崇高的艺术和建筑,但同时也揭示了十字架和剑的结合摧毁的力量。这门课程是整个西方故事的一部分,贯穿了整个西方作为基督教的一环的形成过程。这是塑造我们世界的旅程。

课程大纲

“From Persecution to Empire,” explores the interaction between the second-century Christian Church and the Roman Empire in which it existed. After the faith’s birth in Palestine, Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire with a rapidity that alarmed many Roman rulers. Persecution of Christians became common, and the experience of persecution shaped the Church. In 313 AD, the Roman Emperor Constantine ended persecution and Christianity transformed once more to become a pillar of Roman society.

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This course follows the extraordinary development of Western Christianity from its early persecution

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